Deerfield Soils: Very deep, moderately well drained soil formed in sandy glacial fluvial deposits. Deerfield soils are on stream terraces, deltas and outwash plains.

Click for Larger ImageDeerfield soil profile

Link to Official Series Description
Deerfield Laboratory data S91-MA-023-005 | Pedon Description for S91-MA-023-005
Deerfield Pedon Description 2325601 | Deerfield Pedon Description 2325604
Deerfield Soil Interpretation Record (Soil 5s)

Map Unit (s): 256A, 256B
Map Unit Phases:

  • 256A Deerfield loamy sand, 0 to 3 percent slopes.
    256B Deerfield loamy sand, 3 to 8 percent slopes.
  • Taxonomic Classification: Mixed, mesic, Aquic Updipsamments.
    Drainage Class: Moderately well drained.
    Parent Material: Glacial fluvial deposits of medium to fine sand.
    Permeability: Rapid to very rapid throughout.
    Available Water Holding Capacity: Low.
    Soil Reaction: Very strongly acid to moderately acid throughout.
    Depth to Bedrock: Greater than 65 inches.
    Seasonal High Watertable: Depth: 1.5 to 4 feet. Type: Apparent. Months: December to April.
    Hydrologic Group: B.
    Hydric Soil: No (may have hydric inclusions).
    Flooding/Ponding Potential: Frequency and Type: None.
    Potential Inclusions: Sudbury soils are similar inclusions. Poorly drained Wareham and Pipestone soils are on lower elevations and along drainageways. Well drained Plymouth, Windsor, Merrimac and Hinckley soils are on higher elevations.

    Soil Suitability:

    Agriculture: Deerfield soils are important farmland soils in Massachusetts. Irrigation is needed for optimal yield. The seasonal high water table may delay some practices during the spring and limit root growth.

    Woodland: Well suited for woodland productivity.

    Development: Major limitations related to the seasonal high watertable. Mounded septic systems are usually required. Deerfield soils are associated with aquifer recharge areas and measures should be taken to protect the aquifer.

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